Skip to main content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.
Internet Explorer 11 Will No Longer Be Supported as of November 20, 2020. Read More...

Library "Do-It-Yourself" (DIY)

I need help citing sources in Turabian format

Named after its author, Kate Turabian, the Turabian citation style is very similar to Chicago with a few slight differences. 

Chicago format is typically used in history and other humanities disciplines. There are two types of Chicago/Turabian format. 

  • The author-date style uses parenthetical citations (the citation information is within parentheses beside the quoted or paraphrased information).
  • The note-bibliography (NB) style requires the use of footnotes or endnotes (the citation information is either at the foot of the page or at the end of the article and is noted at the end of the quoted or paraphrased text with a number in superscript). 

Style Guides: 

Writing with Microsoft Word: In Microsoft Word you can also set your default document layout to Turabian style. The videos below explain how. 

          Turabian 9 Style: Part One: The Manual & Basic Paper Format
          Turabian 9 Style: Part Two: Citations: Bibliography & Footnotes
Videos courtesy of Jennifer Ewing & Southern California Seminary