An Overview. Scholarly and some creative works are communicated through the commercial publishing industry (also known as academic, scholarly, or professional publishing). After the work of authors is accepted for publication, authors usually sign copyright transfer agreements (CTAs) which give publishers the copyright for their work; this means the publisher has control over the use and distribution of the work and usually limits an author's ability to share it through email, social media, learning management systems (LMS) or other means. The work then is limited to readers who have subscriptions (individually or through a library or organization) or those who willing to pay through a paywall.
As an alternative, many scholars and other academics are publishing their work through Open Access (OA) publishers. The main reasons for doing this include:
What if my work is already published? OA can be considered for both published works and those yet to be published. See "OA for Published or Unpublished Works" below.
Transformative agreements between commercial, scholarly publishers and academic entities are increasing. These agreements can also be known as read and publish agreements or similar terms. When an author is affiliated with an institution or system, the cost of publishing their work in a publisher's open access journals may be waived or reduced.
OA Publishing and Funding Models. OA publishers use one of 3 broad funding models: green, gold, and hybrid. Some models may have some costs to be published. However, bear in mind that most OA publishers do not have charges as 72% of the journals listed in DOAJ do not have any. Here are some common costs from the publishers that may charge them:
Waiving OA Fees. This is often done using one of the following ways:
OA for Published or Unpublished Works. OA can be considered for both published works and those yet to be published:
Types of Open Access Models:
|Type of Publisher||Author Publishing Costs (APCs)||Availability/ Version Accessible to Public (Without Paywall or Subscription)||Who Retains Copyright / Creative Commons Licensing||Self-Archiving|
|Green||Toll-access, commercial publisher||None||Preprint or Post-print; Embargo possible for version of record. See publisher's policy.||Publisher retains copyright. Author may request author addendum for limited copyright uses.||Preprint or Post-print|
|Hybrid||Toll-access, commercial publisher||APCs vary||Final version of record.||See publisher policy; copyright may be negotiated. Author and publisher select Creative Commons (CC) license.||See publisher policy.|
|Gold*||Open Access (OA) publisher||APCs vary, or none||Final version of record.||Author typically retains copyright. Work can be shared by Creative Commons (CC) licenses.||Final version of record.|
*Diamond Open Access is considered a type of Gold Open Access which does not have APCs.
Bond, J. (2018). Open access & book publishing. [YouTube Video]. https://youtu.be/OOthzynLiqg
John Bond, a publishing consultant, explains the open access model for books.
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