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Guide to Science Information Resources: Scholarly Publishing & Peer Review

What is scholarly publishing?

Scholarly publishing involves the creation and distribution of resources that focus on research and academic endeavors.  Types of resources may include books created by a scholarly press, dissertations, and journals with a focus on a particular subject area.  Scholarly publishing allows new findings and knowledge to be communicated to academic communities and also the public.

Scholarly publishing sources differ from those in mainstream publishing.  One of the main differences is that scholarly sources show how they created their knowledge and cite where they found supporting documents.  Books and magazines created for the general public usually do not do this. 

A second difference is that scholarly sources are created for academic or research-oriented audiences.  They may have limited appeal to the general public. 

The third difference is that scholarly publishing often incorporates the peer review process or when a work is scrutinized by a panel of experts within a field before it is published; publications that use this are also known as "refereed."

The Peer Review Process