In 2013, the White House, through the Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP), issued an executive directive mandating that U.S. Government agencies with annual extramural research and development expenditures over $100 million make the results of taxpayer-funded research—both articles and data—freely available to the general public with the goal of accelerating scientific discovery and fueling innovation. Similarly, a few states and several private funders have proposed and enacted legislation and policies mandating public access to funded research.
As the federal and private policies have reached maturity, they are now focusing on compliance and mandating broader access to publications and data produced by grant-funded research. Principal Investigators for most grants are responsible for complying with these policies and institutions could lose future funding if they are found to be non-compliant.
This guide provides a links to information about major federal and private funder public access policies. Please consult your grant and journal policies for details.
Related Research Guides
Tools for Tracking Funder Policies
Federal Government Public Access Mandates
US Department of Education Public Access Mandates
Check a publisher's website for their polices on public access mandates for their accepted manuscripts.