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SLS 1503 University Honors Program: Plagiarism

A library resources guide for Fall 2016

What is plagiarism?

What is Plagiarism?

Plagiarism is "the unauthorized use or close imitation of the language and thoughts of another author and the representation of them as one's own original work" (from Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2nd. Ed. (1993).

What is plagiarism?

Some examples of plagiarism include, but are not limited to: 

  • Copying a direct quotation without using quotation marks around the information.
  • Submitting incorrect citation information for words or ideas that are not one’s own.
  • Copying someone else's assignment, or sections of it, and submitting it as one’s own.
  • Copying or reusing your own work done for a different class and without proper citation.

FAU outlines how it handles plagiarism in its Honor Code for students, and each FAU academic unit expands on it. Students accused of plagiarism may get a bad grade, receive a failing grade for a course, or face suspension or expulsion.

The best way to avoid plagiarism is to properly cite all sources of information! Cite where your information was found within the body of your paper and in the works cited page.

Please see the Libraries Research Checklist for further information.

Image: EasyBib Grammar & Plagiarism Infographic: http://www.easybib.com/guides/students/research-guide/what-is-plagiarism/ 
For more information try EasyBib Grammar & Plagiarism: https://www.easybib.com/grammar-and-plagiarism/

Plagiarism examples

Example 1
The original text

"There is a strong market demand for eco-tourism in Australia. Its rich and diverse natural heritage ensures Australia's capacity to attract international ecotourists and gives Australia a comparative advantage in the highly competitive tourism industry."

(Weaver, D. (Ed.) 2000, The encyclopedia of ecotourism, New York: CABIPublishing: p. 143).

The plagiarized text

There is a high market demand for eco-tourism in Australia. Australia has acomparative advantage in the highly competitive tourism industry due to its rich and varied natural heritage which ensures Australia's capacity to attract international ecotourists. 

Why is this plagiarism?

One or two words have been changed but this copies the same basic wording and structure of the original text. By not citing the original source of the text, the student is suggesting that the words and ideas are his/her own.



Example 2
The original text

"Dramatic changes in the non-Aboriginal community's appreciation of the importance of women as social and ceremonial agents in Aboriginal society had translated into pressure of demand in the art world for Papunya women's paintings."

(Johnson, V. 1994,  Aboriginal artists of the western desert, Roseville East, NSW: Craftsman House : p18).

The plagiarised text

Johnson (1994) explains that dramatic changes in the non-Aboriginal community's appreciation of the importance of women as social and ceremonial agents in Aboriginal society had translated into pressure of demand in the art world for Papunya women's paintings.

Why is this plagiarism?

Although the author has been cited, the student presents the exact words as if he or she had written them. This 'direct quote' should be enclosed in quotation marks ("...").


Here are two examples of  correct referencing,  not plagiarism.


Example 3
The original text

" More and more occasions require negotiation; conflict is a growth industry. Everyone wants to participate in decisions that affect them; fewer and fewer people will accept decisions dictated by someone else."

(Fisher, R., & Ury, W. 1991, Getting to Yes - negotiating an agreement without giving in. London, Random House : p. xiii).

Correctly used in an essay

Fisher & Ury (1991) believe that because people want to be involved in the decision making process, rather than be given instructions, negotiation is an essential skill.

Why is this not plagiarism?

The authors are named at the beginning of the sentence, so it is clear this is not the writers original idea even though the writer has expressed the original text in his/her own words ('paraphrasing').

 


Example 4
The original text

"For a cinema whose heroic male leads had been figures like Bryan Brown, Jack Thompson, and Paul Hogan, the films of the early 1990s represented a radical shift in its image of Australian masculinity".

 (Butters, P. 2001, 'Becoming a man in Australian films in the Early 1990s' in  I. Craven (Ed.), Australian cinema in the 1990s. London, Frank Cass: p. 79).

Correctly used in an essay

Butters (2001) discusses a move away from the traditional movie heroes, and suggests that more recent films "represented a radical shift in its image of Australian masculinity".

Why is this not plagiarism?

Again, citing the author at the beginning of the sentence highlights that this is not the student's own opinion. Quotation marks are used around a direct quote.

Source: DeSales University Plagiarism LibGuide