Information communicated through scholarly publications can inform patient care and other aspects of nursing practice. Rapid and profuse changes in healthcare constantly challenge standards of care and what is currently known in nursing. Since knowledge in the health sciences is always changing, nurses should keep informed by reading journal articles and other types of scholarly publications. Studies have shown, however, that nurses often do not apply research findings to what they do, which means that outdated practices may be continue being used. Nurses need to apply the findings from quality research to support beneficial and appropriate interventions. Staying abreast of the nursing body of knowledge is an expected role for nurses, especially if they pursue graduate studies or higher roles within their organizations.
In addition, scholarly publications help the nursing body of knowledge emerge and grow. Nursing research is an accepted means of progressing knowledge in nursing, while nursing publications disseminate research findings. In essence, reading scholarly nursing publications help nurses participate in its ongoing professional dialogue. It also encourages inquiry and additional research that contributes to the nursing body of knowledge and in turn, impacts patient care.
For the convenience of readers, scholarly articles written within many fields have evolved to follow an IMRaD format (or something close to it).
Publications that are used to inform the study are provided in the references or works cited at the end of the article.
Background, rationale, and purpose of article.
Study design, measurement instruments, and rationale of their use.
Describes the outcomes of the study without repeating the methodology.
Some publications analyze the results of a method used.
Presents the principles, relationships, and generalizations shown by the study;
The following article by Horibe, et. al (2018) is an example of a nursing research article that follows an IMRaD format.
Notice the article's headings and the references cited at the end of the article.
Horibe, M., Hane, Y., Abe, A., Matsui, T., Kato, Y., Ueda, N., Sasaoka, S., Motooka, Y., Hatahira, H., Hasegawa, S., Kinosada, Y., Hara, H., & Nakamura, M. (2018). Contraceptives as possible risk factors for postpartum depression: A retrospective study of the Food and Drug Administration Adverse Event Reporting System, 2004-2015. Nursing Open, 5(2): 131-138. DOI: 10.1002/nop2.121
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