Evidence-Based Practice (EBP) is defined as the conscientious, explicit, and judicious use of current best evidence in making decisions(1).
EBP can be applied to many fields and is constantly being modified to best suit the subject to which it is applied.
(1) Sackett, DL., Rosenberg, WMC., Gray, MJA et al. Evidence-based medicine: what it is and what it isn't. BMJ 1996:312:71-2.
Evidence-Based Practice (EBP) consists of 5 steps:
1. Defining the Problem: convert a precise information need from practice into an answerable, focused, structured question.
2. Finding Evidence: search the information resources (professional literature, databases, etc.) relevant to the topic in question
3. Critical Appraisal/ Appraising Evidence: examine a resource's validity, reliability, and applicability to the question or problem.
4. Integrating or Applying Results of Appraisal: integrate new information with one's own knowledge base and patient/scenario preferences, and apply to practice.
5. Re-evaluating the Process: review the process, outcome, and possible ways to improve practice.
Source: Booth, A. & Brice, A. (Eds.). Evidence-based practice for information professionals: A handbook. Facet Publishing: London. 2004.